In a large sample of older adults from Europe and the US, increased adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) was associated with lower hip fracture incidence, according to a recent study. A total of 140,775 adults (116,176 women, 24,599 men) aged ≥60 years, from 5 cohorts from Europe and the US, were followed-up for 1,896,219 person-years experiencing 5,454 hip fractures. Diet was assessed at baseline by validated, cohort-specific, food-frequency questionnaires, and hip fractures were ascertained through patient registers or telephone interviews/questionnaires. Adherence to MD was evaluated by a scoring system on a 10-point scale modified to be applied also to non-Mediterranean populations. Researchers found:
- A 2-point increase in the score was associated with a significant 4% decrease in hip fracture risk.
- In categorical analyses, hip fracture risk was lower among men and women with moderate and high adherence to the score compared with those with low adherence.
Benetou V, Orfanos P, Feskanich D, et al. Mediterranean diet and hip fracture incidence among older adults: The CHANCES Project. [Published online ahead of print April 14, 2018]. Osteoporos Int. doi:10.1007/s00198-018-4517-6.
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