Clinical Edge

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Arthritis Prevalence Among Adults with Prediabetes

MMWR; 2018 Nov 9; Sandoval-Rosario, et al

An estimated 54.4 million US adults have doctor-diagnosed arthritis, and this number is projected to rise to 78.4 million by 2040, according to a recent report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The prevalence of arthritis among the 33.9% (estimated 84 million) of US adults with prediabetes, and how these conditions are related to physical inactivity and obesity, are unknown. To examine the relationships among arthritis, prediabetes, physical inactivity, and obesity, the CDC analyzed combined data from the 2009-2016 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES). They found:

  • Overall, the unadjusted prevalence of arthritis among adults with prediabetes was 32.0% (26 million).
  • Among adults with both arthritis and prediabetes, the unadjusted prevalences of leisure-time physical inactivity and obesity were 56.5% and 50.1%, respectively.
  • Approximately half of adults with both prediabetes and arthritis are either physically inactive or have obesity, further increasing their risk for type 2 diabetes.
  • Health care and public health professionals can address arthritis-specific barriers to physical activity by promoting evidence-based physical activity interventions.

Sandoval-Rosario M, Nayeri BM, Rascon A, et al. Prevalence of arthritis among adults with prediabetes and arthritis-specific barriers to important interventions for prediabetes—United States, 2009-2016. MMWR. 2018;67(44):1238-1241. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6744a4.