Although the percentage of those complying with full-syndrome night eating syndrome (NES) was relatively low in a student sample in a recent study, those students had shorter sleep time and poorer sleep quality than the other groups. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a sample of 413 undergraduate students (mean age of 20.6 ± 1.68 SD) at Central Michigan University. Students completed an online survey that included demographic information and the Night Eating Diagnostic Questionnaire (NEDQ) and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Questionnaire (PSQI). Participants were grouped based on self-reporting of the presence and frequency of night eating-related symptoms and behaviors related to the diagnostic criteria for NES as follows: normal, mild night eater, moderate night eater, and full-syndrome night eater. Researchers found:
- The proportion of students complying with symptoms and behaviors consistent with full-syndrome of NES was 1.2%.
- There were no significant differences between students complying with symptoms and behaviors consistent with any level of NES and those without any night eating behavior regarding BMI, eating habits, physical activity, and smoking status.
- NES was significantly related to sleep duration.
Yahia N, Brown C, Potter S, et al. Night eating syndrome and its association with weight status, physical activity, eating habits, smoking status, and sleep patterns among college students. [Published online ahead of print June 2, 2017]. Eat Weight Disord. doi:10.1007/s40519-017-0403-z.
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