Key clinical point: Autistic traits have a significant impact on theory of mind abilities in schizophrenia patients and might limit the effectiveness of theory of mind (ToM) training for this patient population in clinical practice.
Major finding: Patients with schizophrenia and autistic traits showed greater impairment in areas including cognition, theory of mind, daily function, and clinical features than patients without autistic traits, and those with autistic traits showed no significant improvement after ToM training based on mean scores on the ToM Picture Sequencing Task in the autistic and nonautistic groups (36.65 vs. 42.10).
Study details: The data come from 96 adults with schizophrenia who underwent a Theory of Mind training program.
Disclosures: The researchers had no financial conflicts to disclose.
Bechi et al. Schizophr Res Cogn. 2019. doi: org/10.1016/j.scog.2019.100164.