Findings from a recent study are consistent with cognitive theories of paranoia in which paranoid beliefs may be a severe, but normative, reaction to past victimization exposures in some cases. This study aimed to address whether the experiences of past victimization contribute to the link between paranoid beliefs and the anticipation of threat or victimization, with a particular focus on exposure to police violence. Data were collected through the Survey of Police-Public Encounters (n=1,615), a cross-sectional, general population survey study conducted in 4 Eastern US cities. Researchers found:
- Paranoid beliefs were positively associated with police victimization expectations (β=0.19), but these associations were statistically better explained by past exposures to similar victimization such that paranoia was no longer associated with anticipated victimization in adjusted models (β=0.02).
- To assess for the specificity of past exposures to victimization, adjusting for past exposure to intimate partner violence (as a control condition) did not eliminate the association between paranoia and expected police victimization.
Jun H-J, Nam B, Fedina L, et al. Paranoid beliefs and realistic expectations of victimization: Data from the survey of police-public encounters. [Published online ahead of print March 8, 2018]. Schizophr Res. doi:10.1016/j.schres.2018.02.046.
This Week's Must Reads
Depression May Be Linked with SLE Risk in Women, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Sep 12; Roberts, et al
Women with MDD During the Childbearing Years, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2018 Sep 7; Freeman, et al
Resilience Examined in Older Adults with Depression, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Aug 25; Laird, et al
Disparities in Depression Care Among Arab Americans, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2018 Aug 12; Dallo, et al
Telehealth vs In-Person Care for Depressed Veterans, J Clin Psychiatry; 2018 Aug 28; Egede, et al
Must Reads in Schizophrenia & Other Psychotic Disorders
FDA Approves Perseris for Schizophrenia, FDA news release; 2018 Jul 27
Gender Differences in Schizophrenia May Vary by Age, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jul 27; Muralidharan, et al
Folic Acid Exposure Linked with Psychosis Reduction, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jul 3; Eryilmaz, et al
FDA Approves New Dosing Formulation for Nuplazid, Acadia Pharmaceuticals Inc. news release; 2018 Jun 29
FDA Approves Initiation Drug for Schizophrenia, Alkermes plc news release; 2018 Jul 2