In a sample of veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), individually delivered “mantram” (scared word) repetition therapy was generally more effective than present-centered therapy for reducing PTSD symptom severity and insomnia. This according to a recent 2-site, open-allocation, blinded-assessment randomized trial involving 173 veterans diagnosed with military-related PTSD from 2 Veterans Affairs outpatient clinics (January 2012 to March 2014). The mantram group (n=89) learned skills for silent mantram repetition, slowing thoughts, and 1-pointed attention. The comparison group (n=84) received present-centered therapy, focusing on currently stressful events and problem-solving skills. Researchers found:
- The mantram group had significantly greater improvements in CAPS score than the present-centered therapy group, both at the posttreatment assessment and at the 2-month follow-up.
- Self-reported PTSD symptom severity was also lower in the mantram group compared with the present-centered therapy group at the posttreatment assessment, but there was no difference at the 2-month follow-up.
- Significantly more participants in the mantram group (59%) than in the present-centered therapy group (40%) who completed the 2-month follow-up no longer met criteria for PTSD.
Bormann JE, Thorp SR, Smith E, et al. Individual treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder using mantram repetition: A randomized clinical trial. [Published online ahead of print June 20, 2018]. Am J Psychiatry. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17060611.
This Week's Must Reads
Cognitive Deterioration in Schizophrenia Examined , JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Oct 3; Niendam, et al
Effect of Childhood Trauma on Adult Decision Making, J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Oct 5; Larsen, Ospina, et al
Early Life Stress and Early Adolescent Substance Use, Addiction; ePub 2018 Oct 3; Otten, Mun, et al
Sex Differences in Eating Disorder Psychopathology, Int J Eat Disord; ePub 2018 Sep 7; Zayas, Wang, et al
Arthritis Common in Persons with Depression, Int J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Sep 19; Brooks, et al
Must Reads in PTSD
PTSD Clusters and Suicidal Ideation Examined, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2018 Sep 15; Brown, et al
Role of Obesity in Link Between PTSD and Diabetes, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Aug 8; Scherrer, et al
Treating PTSD in Veterans Using Mantram Repetition, Am J Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jun 20; Bormann, et al
Psychiatric Morbidity Incidence in Military Spouses, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2018 May 10; Steenkamp, et al
Cultural Disparities Among Social Support Seekers, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2018 May 6; Herbert, et al