In a recent validation study of a cohort of children aged 9 to 10 years, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version (PQ-BC) demonstrated adequate internal reliability and measurement invariance across race/ethnicity and sex when used as a measure of psychotic-like experiences in childhood. In addition, evidence of construct validity was found, with higher scores associated with a family history of psychotic disorder, greater internalizing symptoms, neuropsychological test performance deficits, and developmental milestone delays. This study used data from the first wave of the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study, a prospective longitudinal study aimed at assessing risk factors associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes from childhood into late adolescence and early adulthood. Researchers found:
- The study analyses included 3,984 participants (1,885 girls [47.3%] and 2,099 boys [52.7%]; mean [SE] age, 10.0 [0.01] years).
- A family history of psychotic disorder was associated with higher mean (SE) PQ-BC Total and Distress scores, whereas a family history of depression or mania was not.
- Higher PQ-BC scores were associated with higher rates of child-rated internalizing symptoms, neuropsychological test performance deficits such as working memory, and motor and speech developmental milestone delays.
Karcher NR, Barch DM, Avenevoli S, et al. Assessment of the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version for measurement of self-reported psychoticlike experiences in childhood. [Published online ahead of print June 6, 2018]. JAMA Psychiatry. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.1334.
This Week's Must Reads
Depression May Be Linked with SLE Risk in Women, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Sep 12; Roberts, et al
Women with MDD During the Childbearing Years, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2018 Sep 7; Freeman, et al
Resilience Examined in Older Adults with Depression, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Aug 25; Laird, et al
Disparities in Depression Care Among Arab Americans, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2018 Aug 12; Dallo, et al
Telehealth vs In-Person Care for Depressed Veterans, J Clin Psychiatry; 2018 Aug 28; Egede, et al
Must Reads in Pediatrics
Effects of Childhood Maltreatment on Self-Injury, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2018 Aug 18; McMahon, et al
Childhood Burden of Sudden Parental Death, Am J Psych; ePub 2018 Jun 20; Pham, Porta, et al
Dialectical Behavior Therapy for Suicidal Youth, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jun 20; McCauley, et al
Measuring Psychotic-like Experiences in Childhood , JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jun 6; Karcher, et al
Caffeine May Promote Early Use of Other Substances, Addiction; ePub 2018 Apr 30; Krisjansson, et al