Gender differences among adults with schizophrenia may vary depending on age, according to a recent study. In addition, gender differences on negative symptoms may vary by symptom subgroup. Community-dwelling adults (n=242, aged 40-85) with schizophrenia/schizoaffective disorder completed assessments of negative symptoms (expressive and experiential deficits), neurocognition, and social skills. Mann-Whitney U tests examined gender differences; a regression-based bootstrapped approach to moderation examined gender by age interactions. Researchers found:
- Female participants had better neurocognition (U= 6,814.00) and less severe experiential deficits (U=4,130.50).
- There was no gender difference on social skills (U=5,920.50).
- Older age was associated with greater expressive deficits among men but not women (b= -.04).
Muralidharan A, Harvey PD, Bowie CR. Associations of age and gender with negative symptom factors and functioning among middle-aged and older adults with schizophrenia. [Published online ahead of print July 27, 2018]. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. doi:10.1016/j.jagp.2018.07.006.
This Week's Must Reads
Depression, Anxiety Linked to Arthritis in Adults, MMWR; 2018 Oct 5; Guglielmo, et al
Social Isolation and Depression in Older Adults, Aging Ment Health; ePub 2018 Oct 4; Cho, et al
Response Rate Profiles for Major Depressive Disorder, Depress Anxiety; 2018 Oct; Kelley, Dunlop, et al
MDD Severity: Weak Link to Neurocognitive Deficit, J Affect Disord; 2018 Dec; Keilp, Madden, et al
Depression, Substance Use in Those Living with HIV, AIDS Behav; ePub 2018 Oct 4; DiPrate, Pence, et al
Must Reads in Geriatrics
More than One-Third of Older Adults Use Sleep Aids, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Sep 14; Maust, et al
Older Adults and Worry: Which Treatments Work Best?, Am J Geriatr Psych; ePub 2018 Aug 7; Stanley, et al
Gender Differences in Schizophrenia May Vary by Age, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jul 27; Muralidharan, et al
Antipsychotic Use Examined Across Wide Age Range, Int J Geriatr Psych; ePub 2018 Jul 8; Jester, et al
Midlife Fitness Linked with Lower Depression Risk , JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Jun 27; Willis, et al