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Weight Suppression/Elevation in Women 50 and Older

Int J Eat Disord; ePub 2018 Apr 25; Goodman, et al

Individuals that were higher on weight suppression (WS) and weight elevation (WE), were most likely to engage in current weight loss attempts, dieting in the past 5 years, and extreme lifetime restriction, according to a recent study that examined weight and its associations with eating psychopathology in women aged ≥50 years. Participants were a community‐based sample (n=1,776, Mage = 59) who completed demographic and eating psychopathology questions via online survey. WS, WE, and WS × WE were tested as predictors of outcome variables; body mass index (BMI) and medical conditions that affect weight were controlled for. Researchers found:

  • Individuals that were higher on WS and WE were most likely to engage in current weight loss attempts, dieting in the past 5 years, and extreme lifetime restriction.
  • Individuals with higher WS were more likely to experience binge eating, greater frequency of weight checking, overvaluation of shape and weight, and lifetime fasting.
  • Individuals with higher WE were more likely to report negative life impacts of eating and dieting.
  • Higher WS and WE each predicted higher levels of skipping meals over the lifetime.
Citation:

Goodman EL, Baker JH, Peat CM, Yilmaz Z, Bulik CM, Watson HJ. Weight suppression and weight elevation are associated with eating disorder symptomatology in women age 50 and older: Results of the gender and body image study. [Published online ahead of print April 25, 2018]. Int J Eat Disord. doi:10.1002/eat.22869.