Suicide attempters exhibited greater perceived burdensomeness, drug use and problems, borderline personality disorder symptoms, depressive symptoms, and suicide ideation, but not capability for suicide, than non-attempters, a recent study found. Guided by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide, this cross-sectional study examined risk factors for suicide ideation and attempts among 312 men and 84 women arrested for domestic violence and mandated to attend batterer intervention programs. Researchers found:
- Men reported greater capability for suicide, but no gender differences were found in perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness.
- After controlling for correlates of suicide ideation, perceived burdensomeness—but not thwarted belongingness or its interaction with perceived burdensomeness—associated with suicide ideation.
- These findings parallel tests of the interpersonal-psychological theory in other samples.
Wolford-Clevenger C, Brem MJ, Elmquist J, et al. A test of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide among arrested domestic violence offenders. [Published online ahead of print January 14, 2017]. Psychiatry Res. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2017.01.029.