Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) and other affective disorders (ADs) had similar long-term quit rates despite numerous differences in baseline characteristics, a recent study found. Despite being lower than for smokers without mental health conditions (MHCs), long-term quit rates from web-based treatment are promising for smokers with BD as well as other ADs. Participants (n=2,570) were a subsample of those enrolled in a smoking cessation trial comparing 2 web-delivered intervention approaches: acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and cognitive behavioral therapy. Those included in this analysis self-reported having BD (n=221), other ADs (n=783) or no major MHCs (n=1,566). Surveys assessed baseline characteristics and self-reported abstinence at 3, 6, and 12-months post-randomization. Treatment utilization was tracked via page views. Researchers found:
- Smokers with BD were distinct from both AD and no MHC smokers on the majority of baseline characteristics.
- At 12-months, quit rates were lower for smokers with BD (20%) than no MHCs (29%), but no different than other ADs (20%).
- Interactions between treatment assignment and diagnostic group were non-significant for cessation outcome.
Heffner JL, Mulla KE, Watson NL, McClure JB, Bricker JB. Smokers with bipolar disorder, other affective disorders, and no mental health conditions: Comparison of baseline characteristics and success at quitting in a large 12-month behavioral intervention randomized trial. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018;193:35-41. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.08.034.
This Week's Must Reads
Schizophrenia and Cardioprotective Treatment for MI, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Oct 24; Kugathasan, et al
Schizophrenia and Goal-Directed Planning Examined, Schizophr Res; ePub 2018 Nov 22; Siddiqui, et al
Patient-Reported Outcomes for Weight Management, J Behav Health Serv Res; ePub 2018 Nov 21; Young, et al
Schizophrenia Linked with Aberrant Response to EBV, Schizophr Bull; ePub 2018 Nov 20; Dickerson, et al
Plasticity-Related Aberrations in Schizophrenia, Schizophr Res; ePub 2018 Nov 12; Smith, et al
Must Reads in Bipolar Disorder
Reduced Lateral OFC Volume and Suicidality in BD, Bipolar Disord; ePub 2018 Nov 24; Huber, et al
Subthreshold Pediatric BD Linked with Suicide Risk, Bipolar Disord; ePub 2018 Nov 27; Vaudreuil, et al
Mood Symptoms and Suicidality in Bipolar Disorder, Suicide Life Threat Behav; ePub 2018 Nov 19; Kamali, et al
Smokers with BD and Quit Rates Examined, Drug Alcohol Depend; 2018 Dec 1; Heffner, et al
Determining Objective Chronotype in Persons with BD, J Affect Disord; 2018 Dec; Kaufmann, et al