Smokers with bipolar disorder (BD) and other affective disorders (ADs) had similar long-term quit rates despite numerous differences in baseline characteristics, a recent study found. Despite being lower than for smokers without mental health conditions (MHCs), long-term quit rates from web-based treatment are promising for smokers with BD as well as other ADs. Participants (n=2,570) were a subsample of those enrolled in a smoking cessation trial comparing 2 web-delivered intervention approaches: acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and cognitive behavioral therapy. Those included in this analysis self-reported having BD (n=221), other ADs (n=783) or no major MHCs (n=1,566). Surveys assessed baseline characteristics and self-reported abstinence at 3, 6, and 12-months post-randomization. Treatment utilization was tracked via page views. Researchers found:
- Smokers with BD were distinct from both AD and no MHC smokers on the majority of baseline characteristics.
- At 12-months, quit rates were lower for smokers with BD (20%) than no MHCs (29%), but no different than other ADs (20%).
- Interactions between treatment assignment and diagnostic group were non-significant for cessation outcome.
Heffner JL, Mulla KE, Watson NL, McClure JB, Bricker JB. Smokers with bipolar disorder, other affective disorders, and no mental health conditions: Comparison of baseline characteristics and success at quitting in a large 12-month behavioral intervention randomized trial. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2018;193:35-41. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2018.08.034.
This Week's Must Reads
MMI a Valid Tool for Cognitive Training Intervention, Schizophr Res; ePub 2018 Dec 21; Hansen, et al
Targeted Auditory Training in Schizophrenia Assessed, Int J Psychophysiol; ePub 2018 Dec 29; Roach, et al
Brain Anomalies in FDRs of Those with Schizophrenia, Schizophr Bull; ePub 2018 Dec 28; de Zwarte, et al
Auditory Deficits in Persons with Schizophrenia, Schizophr Res; ePub 2019 Jan 18; Medalia, et al
Negative Symptom Domains in Schizophrenia and BD, Schizophr Bull; ePub 2019 Jan 14; Strauss, et al
Must Reads in Bipolar Disorder
BD Course Strongly Affected by Comorbid Disorders, J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Dec 25; Weintraub, et al
Differentiating Borderline Personality from BD, Compr Psychiatry; 2019 Jan; Balling, et al
Bipolar Diathesis in Major Depression Disorder , J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Nov 2; Bennett, et al
Expressed Emotion Among Parents of Youths with BD, Psychiatry Res; 2018 Dec; Millman, Weintraub, et al
Predicting Risk of Conversion from Mania to BD I/II , J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry; 2018 Oct; Birmaher, et al