Sleep duration and chronotype (ie, morningness–eveningness) are associated with increased depression and anxiety risk, but differences in individual sleep needs and lifestyle may mean these sleep parameters do not present the same risk for all individuals. This according to a recent study that explored the mediating role of sleep debt and daytime sleepiness in the relationship between sleep and mental health symptoms in young adults, a particularly vulnerable population. Young adult university students (n=2,218) and young adults from the general population in the US (n=992) provided estimates of actual and optimal sleep duration, and completed validated measures of sleepiness, chronotype, and depression and anxiety risk. Researchers found:
- Sleepiness and sleep debt mediated the relationship between short sleep and depression and anxiety risk in the university sample, while sleepiness mediated these relationships in the general population sample.
- Sleepiness and sleep debt also mediated the impact of evening‐type preferences on depression and anxiety risk in university students, but no mediation of this effect was found in young adults from the general population.
Dickinson DL, Wolkow AP, Rajaratnam SMW, Drummond SPA. Personal sleep debt and daytime sleepiness mediate the relationship between sleep and mental health outcomes in young adults. [Published online ahead of print May 22, 2018]. Depress Anxiety. doi:10.1002/da.22769.
This Week's Must Reads
Depression in Later Life Intervention is Effective, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Nov 7; Dias, et al
Inflammation Associated with Suicide Ideation , J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Nov 6; Mezuk
Alcohol Involvement, Adolescent Risk-Taking Examined, Addiction; ePub 2018 Nov 6; Ellingson, Corley, et al
Insomnia, Suicide Ideation in Schizophrenia Linked, Sleep; ePub 2018 Nov 8; Miller, Parker, et al
Pornography Consumption in the US Examined, J Sex Res; ePub 2018 Oct 25; Solano, et al
Must Reads in Anxiety Disorders
Anxious Distress Common in Depressed Patients, Depress Anxiety; ePub 2018 Oct 12; Zimmerman, et al
Comorbid Anxiety Disorders Effect on MDD Therapy, J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Aug 25; Vittengl, et al
Social Anxiety and Eating Disorder Comorbidity, Int J Eat Disord; ePub 2018 Aug 13; Levinson, et al
Older Adults and Worry: Which Treatments Work Best?, Am J Geriatr Psych; ePub 2018 Aug 7; Stanley, et al
Sleep Disorders, Mental Health in Healthcare Workers, J Sleep Res; ePub 2018 Aug 1; Weaver, Vetter, et al