A number of medical conditions are associated with increased occurrence of elevated anxiety in older adults, a recent study found. Researchers examined data from a sample of 4,219 participants (aged ± 65 years) who completed anxiety and depression measures in the Health and Retirement Study 2006 wave. The logistic regression models’ outcome was elevated anxiety (≥12 on 5-item Beck Anxiety Inventory) or depressive symptoms (≥12 on an 8-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale). They found:
• 3 or more medical conditions conferred a 2.30-fold increase in elevated anxiety.
• 20 triads were associated with elevated anxiety as compared with 13 associated with depressive symptoms.
• 6 of 7 medical conditions, with the exception of stroke, were present in the majority of triads.
Citation: Gould CE, O’Hara R, Goldstein MK, Beaudreau SA. Multimorbidity is associated with anxiety in older adults in the Health and Retirement Study. [Published online ahead of print July 21, 2016]. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. doi:10.1002/gps.4532.