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Unintended Pregnancy May Modify Addiction Treatment

Am J Addictions; ePub 2018 Jul 11; Martin, et al

Unintended pregnancies intersect with opioid use disorder (OUD) and may modify one's treatment outcome, according to a recent study that examined how pregnancy intention affects OUD treatment. The primary exposure and outcome were pregnancy intention and treatment duration among MOTHER (Maternal Opioid Treatment: Human Experimental Research) participants (n=175). Researchers found:

  • Treatment durations were longer (21.3 vs 16.3 weeks) among intended (n=29) compared to unintended (n=146) pregnancy participants, but this was not significant in adjusted analyses.
  • OUD treatment may be a setting to help women implement informed family planning choices.


Martin CE, Terplan M, O’Grady KE, Jones HE. Pregnancy intention and opioid use disorder treatment retention in the MOTHER study. [Published online ahead of print July 11, 2018]. Am J Addictions. doi:10.1111/ajad.12735.