Approximately 16 million US adults used prescription stimulants in the preceding year (annual average), 5 million misused prescription stimulants without use disorders, and 0.4 million had use disorders, according to a recent study. Researchers conducted a nationally representative household population study of adults aged ≥18 years from the 2015 and 2016 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (n=102,000). They found:
- Among US adults, 6.6% used prescription stimulants overall; 4.5% used without misuse, 1.9% misused without use disorders, and 0.2% had use disorders.
- The most commonly reported motivations for misuse were to help be alert or concentrate (56.3%).
- The most likely source of misused prescription stimulants was by obtaining them free from friends or relatives (56.9%).
- More frequent prescription stimulant misuse and use disorder were associated with an increased likelihood of obtaining medications from physicians or from drug dealers or strangers and less likelihood of obtaining them from friends or relatives.
Compton WM, Han B, Blanco C, Johnson K, Jones, CM. Prevalence and correlates of prescription stimulant use, misuse, use disorders, and motivations for misuse among adults in the United States. [Published online ahead of print April 16, 2018]. Am J Psychiatry. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2018.17091048.
This Week's Must Reads
Depression, Anxiety Linked to Arthritis in Adults, MMWR; 2018 Oct 5; Guglielmo, et al
Social Isolation and Depression in Older Adults, Aging Ment Health; ePub 2018 Oct 4; Cho, et al
Response Rate Profiles for Major Depressive Disorder, Depress Anxiety; 2018 Oct; Kelley, Dunlop, et al
MDD Severity: Weak Link to Neurocognitive Deficit, J Affect Disord; 2018 Dec; Keilp, Madden, et al
Depression, Substance Use in Those Living with HIV, AIDS Behav; ePub 2018 Oct 4; DiPrate, Pence, et al
Must Reads in Addiction Medicine
Early Life Stress and Early Adolescent Substance Use, Addiction; ePub 2018 Oct 3; Otten, Mun, et al
Alcohol Consumption and Consent to Sex Examined, J Sex Res; ePub 2018 Sep 10; Drouin, Jozkowski, et al
Childhood Cancer Survivors and Alcohol Consumption, Addiction; ePub 2018 Sep 8; Brinkman, et al
FDA Approves Cassipa for Opioid Addiction Treatment , FDA news release; 2018 Sep 7
Food Insecurity, Substance Use Among Women with HIV, Addiction; ePub 2018 Aug 14; Whittle, Sheira, et al