Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Impact of Alcohol Taxation in a Large Urban Area

Addiction; ePub 2018 Oct 12; Keyes, Shev, et al

Reductions in alcohol consumption in a large urban environment such as New York City (NYC) can be sustained with modest increases in universal taxation, according to a recent study. Alcohol tax increases also have a modest effect on alcohol‐related violent victimization. Researchers evaluated an adult population aged 18‐64 years in the year 2000 in the 59 community districts of NYC. The population of 256,500 agents approximates a 5% sample of the NYC population. Agents were parameterized through a series of rules that governed alcohol consumption and engagement in violence. 6 taxation interventions were implemented based on extensive reviews and meta‐analyses: increasing universal alcohol tax by 1, 5, and 10%, and beer tax by 1, 5, and 10%. They found:

  • Under no tax increase, approximately 12.2% were heavy drinkers.
  • Taxation decreased the proportion of heavy drinkers; a 10% tax decreased heavy drinking to 9.6%.
  • Taxation influenced those in the lowest income groups more than the highest income groups.
  • Alcohol‐related homicide decreased from 3.22 per 100,000 to 2.40 per 100,000 under a 10% universal tax.
  • This translates into an anticipated benefit of ~1,200 lives/year.

Citation:

Keyes KM, Shev A, Tracy M, Cerdá M. Assessing the impact of alcohol taxation on rates of violent victimization in a large urban area: An agent‐based modeling approach. [Published online ahead of print October 12, 2018]. Addiction. doi:10.1111/add.14470.

This Week's Must Reads

Borderline Personality and Identity Disturbance, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2018 Nov 10; Gad, et al

Personality Inventory Aids Discerning BD from BPD , J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Nov 13; Fowler, et al

Post-Bereavement Adjustment in Caregivers Examined, Am J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Nov 2; Stahl, et al

Depression in Later Life Intervention is Effective, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Nov 7; Dias, et al

Inflammation Associated with Suicide Ideation , J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Nov 6; Mezuk

Must Reads in Addiction Medicine

Alcohol Involvement, Adolescent Risk-Taking Examined, Addiction; ePub 2018 Nov 6; Ellingson, Corley, et al

Prescription Opioid Misuse Among College Students, Am J Addictions; ePub 2018 Oct 17; Harries, et al

Psychotic-Like Experiences and Cannabis Use, JAMA Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Oct 17; Karcher, et al

Impact of Alcohol Taxation in a Large Urban Area, Addiction; ePub 2018 Oct 12; Keyes, Shev, et al

Early Life Stress and Early Adolescent Substance Use, Addiction; ePub 2018 Oct 3; Otten, Mun, et al