Caffeine may promote early use of other types of substances among middle school‐aged adolescents, a recent study found. Researchers evaluated data from middle school students (6th and 7th grades; n=3,932) in 3 West Virginia counties, both at baseline and at follow‐up 12 months later. The youth self‐reported their use of caffeine from multiple sources (eg, soda, energy drinks, coffee, and tea), cigarette smoking, electronic cigarette use, alcohol use, and drunkenness. They found:
- Controlling for demographic variables and other substance use at baseline, caffeine at T1 was positively associated with T2 cigarette smoking (β = .27), e‐cigarette use (β = .21), alcohol use (β = .17), and drunkenness (β = .15).
- Conversely, non‐significant relations emerged between 3 of 4 substances at T1 and caffeine at T2.
- Positive relations were found between e‐cigarette use at T1 and caffeine use at T2 (β = .07).
- Specifically, significant relations were observed between caffeine at T1 and all substance use outcomes at T2, whereas no significant relations were observed between substance use and caffeine over time.
Krisjansson AL, Kogan SM, Mann MJ, et al. Does early exposure to caffeine promote smoking and alcohol use behavior? A prospective analysis of middle school students. [Published online ahead of print April 30, 2018]. Addiction. doi:10.1111/add.14261.
This Week's Must Reads
Arthritis Common in Persons with Depression, Int J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Sep 19; Brooks, et al
Correlation Between Depression Severity and QOL, J Affect Disord; ePub 2018 Sep 17; Gao, Su, et al
Measuring Depression in PD in Older Adults, Int J Geriatr Psychiatry; ePub 2018 Sep 25; Lopez, et al
CUDOS-D Proves Reliable, Valid Measure of MDD, Psychiatry Res; ePub 2018 Oct 2; Zimmerman, et al
Trajectories of PTS, Depression After Civil Unrest, Am J Community Psychol; ePub 2018 Sep 17; Galovski, et al
Must Reads in Addiction Medicine
Alcohol Consumption and Consent to Sex Examined, J Sex Res; ePub 2018 Sep 10; Drouin, Jozkowski, et al
Childhood Cancer Survivors and Alcohol Consumption, Addiction; ePub 2018 Sep 8; Brinkman, et al
FDA Approves Cassipa for Opioid Addiction Treatment , FDA news release; 2018 Sep 7
Food Insecurity, Substance Use Among Women with HIV, Addiction; ePub 2018 Aug 14; Whittle, Sheira, et al
Examining Predictors of Initiation of Substance Use, Am J Addictions; ePub 2018 Aug 7; Blanco, et al