Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Community Policies/Programs and Healthful Diets

Pediatr Obes; ePub 2018 Jun 19; Webb, et al

Community policies and programs (CPPs) that targeted decreases in intakes of less healthful foods and/or aimed to modify the availability of less healthful foods and portions were associated with healthier child dietary behaviors, a recent study found. An observational study identified 4,026 nutrition CPPs occurring in 130 communities in the prior 6 years. Dietary intakes of fruits and vegetables, added sugar and sugar‐sweetened beverages, among others, were reported among 5,138 children 4–15 years of age from the communities, using a Dietary Screener Questionnaire with children aged ≥9 years (parent assisted) or parent proxies for younger children. Researchers found:

  • CPPs with the highest intensity scores that targeted fast food or fat intake or provided smaller portions were associated with greater fruit and vegetable intake (0.21, 0.19, 0.23 cup equivalents/day, respectively).
  • CPPs with the highest intensity scores that restricted the availability of less healthful foods were associated with lower child intakes of total added sugar (−1.08 tsp/day) and sugar from sugar‐sweetened beverages (−1.63 tsp/day).
  • Similar associations were observed between CPP count and dietary outcomes.

Citation:

Webb KL, Hewawitharana SC, Au LE, et al, on behalf of the Healthy Communities Study Team. Objectives of community policies and programs associated with more healthful dietary intakes among children: Findings from the Healthy Communities Study. [Published online ahead of print June 19, 2018]. Pediatr Obes. doi:10.1111/ijpo.12424.

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Breakfast in the Classroom Initiative and Obesity, JAMA Pediatrics; ePub 2019 Feb 25; Polonsky, et al

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Truncal-to-Leg Ratio and Cardiometabolic Disease, Pediatr Obes; ePub 2019 Jan 25; Cioffi, et al

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