Mothers who conceive using assisted reproductive technology may breastfeed for shorter durations than mothers who conceive spontaneously, a new study found. Breastfeeding outcomes (initiation and duration at 8 weeks) were reported among 15,615 women who conceived using fertility treatments (assisted reproductive technology, intrauterine insemination, or fertility-enhancing drugs). Researchers found:
- Mode of conception was not associated with breastfeeding outcomes when comparing women who conceived spontaneously vs those who conceived using any fertility treatment.
- The odds of breastfeeding at 8 weeks were lower among women who conceived using assisted reproductive technology, after adjusting for basic demographic covariates and additionally adjusting for maternal health conditions.
- Mothers who conceive using assisted reproductive technology may breastfeed for shorter durations, partially mediated by an increased likelihood of multiples and infants born preterm.
Barrera CM, Kawwass JF, Boulet SL, Nelson JM, Perrine CG. Fertility treatment use and breastfeeding outcomes. [Published online ahead of print December 1, 2018]. Am J Obstet Gynecol. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2018.11.1100.
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