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Midlife Women and Patterns of Physical Activity

Menopause; ePub 2016 Nov 14; Im, Ko, et al

Midlife women have unique physical activity patterns based on both racial and ethnic differences, and these factors need to be considered in future intervention development, according to a recent study. The secondary analysis of data included 542 women (n=157 non-Hispanic [NH] white, n=127 Hispanics, n=135 NH African Americans, and n=123 NH Asian) and were analyzed using hierarchical cluster analyses, analysis of variance, and multinominal logistic analyses. Researchers found:

  • A 3-cluster solution was adopted: cluster 1 (high active living and sports/exercise activity group; 48%), cluster 2 (high household/caregiving and occupational activity group; 27%), and cluster 3 (low active living and sports/exercise activity group; 26%).
  • There were significant racial/ethnic differences in occupational activities of clusters 1 and 3.
  • Cluster 2 tended to have lower family income, less access to health care, higher unemployment, higher perceived barriers scores, and lower social influences scores, compared with cluster 1.
  • Cluster 3 tended to have greater obesity, less access to health care, higher perceived barriers scores, more negative attitudes toward physical activity, and lower self-efficacy scores, compared with cluster 1.


Im EO, Ko Y, Chee E, Chee W, Mao JJ. Clusters of midlife women by physical activity and their racial/ethnic differences. [Published online ahead of print November 14, 2016]. Menopause. doi:10.1097/GME.0000000000000769.