Clinical Edge

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Contraception and Chronic Opioid Prescriptions

Contraception; ePub 2019 Feb 11; Ray-Griffith, et al

Young women filling chronic opioid prescriptions may have unmet needs for prescription contraception, a new study found. Researchers identified US women aged 15–44 years who filled chronic opioid prescriptions and had continuous pharmacy and medical enrollment for at least 90 days prior to and 180 days following their index prescription. They found:

  • 16,074 women had claims for chronic opioids and filed an average of 135±28 day supply of opioids over a 180-day period.
  • Of these women, 3,759 (23.4%) had a claim for prescription contraception in the 90 days prior or 180 days following their index opioid claim.
  • Of those who had claims for prescription contraception, 70% received oral contraceptives while only 2% had claims related to a long-acting reversible contraceptive.


Ray-Griffith SL, Chopra D, Stowe ZN, Martin BC. Claims for contraceptive services among women filling chronic opioid prescriptions. [Published online ahead of print February 11, 2019]. Contraception. doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2019.01.004.