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Maternal-Fetal Surgery for Myelomeningocele

Obstet Gynecol; 2017 Sep; ACOG Comm on Obstet Pract

Women with pregnancies complicated by fetal myelomeningocele who meet established criteria for in utero repair should be counseled in a nondirective fashion regarding all management options, and interested candidates referred for further assessment and consultation, according to a new committee opinion from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). The groups offer the following recommendations:

  • Open maternal–fetal surgery for myelomeningocele repair has been demonstrated to improve a number of important pediatric outcomes at the expense of procedure-associated maternal and fetal risks.
  • Women with pregnancies complicated by fetal myelomeningocele who meet established criteria for in utero repair should be counseled in nondirective fashion regarding all management options, including the possibility of open maternal–fetal surgery.
  • Interested candidates for fetal myelomeningocele repair should be referred for further assessment and consultation to a fetal therapy center that offers this intervention and possesses the expertise, multi-disciplinary team, services, and facilities to provide detailed information regarding maternal–fetal surgery.

Citation:

Maternal–fetal surgery for myelomeningocele. Committee Opinion No. 720. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol. 2017;130:e164–7.