Initiating Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has beneficial effects on sexual functioning, body image, and menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors (BCSs) with a sexual dysfunction, a recent study found. 169 BCSs were randomly assigned to either Internet-based CBT or a waiting list control group. The CBT consisted of weekly therapist-guided sessions, with a maximum duration of 24 weeks. Researchers found:
- The intervention group showed a significant improvement over time in overall sexual functioning compared with the control group.
- The intervention group reported more improvement over time in sexual pleasure, less discomfort during sex, and less sexual distress.
- The intervention group also reported greater improvement in body image and fewer menopausal symptoms than the control group.
Hummel SB, van Lankveld JDM, Oldenburg JSA, et al. Efficacy of Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy in improving sexual functioning of breast cancer survivors: Results of a randomized controlled trial. [Published online ahead of print February 27, 2017]. J Clin Oncol. doi:10.1200/JCO.2016.69.6021.