“ UPDATE ON MENOPAUSE”
ANDREW M. KAUNITZ, MD (MAY 2011)
Some women opt to continue HT past 5 years
When I counsel symptomatic perimenopausal and postmenopausal patients about the use of hormone therapy (HT) for vasomotor symptoms, I let them know that, after 5 years, when it is advisable to taper off and discontinue HT, the hot flushes almost always return. I’ve found that many women refuse to discontinue HT at the 5-year point, even when I’ve counseled them beforehand about the risks.
Any suggestions as to how to further counsel this group?
Sharon Ravenelle, CRNP
Dr. Kaunitz responds:The patient should choose the duration of HT
I appreciate Ms. Ravenelle’s thoughtful clinical query. In my practice, I do not set rigid timelines regarding patients’ use of HT. Rather, I focus on why they are using HT (or wish to initiate it) and what risks are applicable to them. I briefly document this discussion in the patient’s record. Ultimately, the patient (not her physician) chooses whether or not to initiate or continue HT.
“IS HORMONE THERAPY STILL A VALID OPTION? 12 OBGYNS ADDRESS THIS QUESTION”
MEMBERS OF THE OBG Management VIRTUAL BOARD OF EDITORS AND JANELLE YATES, SENIOR EDITOR (MAY 2011)
Article failed to mention an effective nonhormonal remedy for vaginal atrophy
I really appreciated the series of opinions offered by the OBG Management Virtual Board of Editors concerning HT. It demonstrated the wide variability of doctors’ opinions, as well as the extreme variability of treatment options patients are offered by their doctors.
My primary reason for writing is the last sentence in the article, which stated: “At present, there don’t seem to be any outstanding alternatives to hormonal therapy.”
As director of the Complicated Menopause Program at the University of Massachusetts, I’m constantly weighing the risks and benefits of HT for my patients and regularly suggesting estrogen alternatives, as appropriate. As a result, the makers of Replens vaginal moisturizer have asked my opinion on this issue. In my estimation, the last sentence of the article seems not to reflect the current data.
A recent letter to the editor in Climacteric summarized the data very nicely.1 Replens has been studied in a head-to-head randomized trial with dienestrol hormonal cream and shown to statistically significantly improve the vaginal dryness index (although the hormonal cream did so with a greater effect). Both products:
- maintained the improvement through 12 weeks of follow-up
- caused equivalent significant improvements in itching and irritation after the first week of treatment that was maintained for 12 weeks
- eradicated dyspareunia for 3 months comparably well
- maintained an effective change in the vaginal pH level.2
Given the fact that many women will not or cannot use estrogen cream for vaginal dryness, and the fact that vaginal dryness and its associated symptom of dyspareunia are so prevalent, it seems that the data support, and our patients require, encouragement to use Replens as a first line of treatment for this problem. This is especially important for your readers, given the aforementioned variability in treatment options offered by the physicians featured in your article.
I hope you will make your readers aware of the availability of an effective alternative to hormone therapy for the treatment of vaginal dryness.
Machelle M. Seibel, MD
Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Massachusetts
Director of the Complicated
Former Editor in Chief, Sexuality,
Reproduction, and Menopause
Dr. Seibel reports that he is a consultant to Lil’ Drug Store, the maker of Replens.
Medicolegal risk should not be a deterrent to good care
I was saddened to read the comments of Peyman Zandieh, MD, in the article on hormone therapy. Dr. Zandieh reported that he declines to prescribe HT for any patient out of fear of being sued. I hope that his viewpoint represents a very small minority of ObGyns. Based on his logic, one should not prescribe birth control pills because of the risk of being sued when a patient has a pulmonary embolus, and one should not perform pelvic surgery because of the risk of being sued for a urinary tract injury.
All medical interventions have possible risks. The practice of medicine has always been about balancing the risks and benefits of any treatment in a given patient. A patient who would benefit greatly from HT should not be sent off to suffer solely because of fear of a lawsuit. To paraphrase the late, great President Harry Truman: If you can’t stand the heat, get out of the kitchen.
Thomas W. Powers, MD
It’s good to hear feedback from peers on HT practices