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TBI & Parkinson’s disease risk among US veterans
Question 1 of 5

According to study findings of US veterans, mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) is associated with a _____ increased risk of Parkinson’s disease onset over 12 years of follow-up.

22%

56%

93%

Topics

Alzheimer's & Cognition

Quiz
The role of microglia in Alzheimer’s disease Take Quiz
Brain neuropathological features in Alzheimer’s disease & aging Take Quiz
Impact of sex and gender in Alzheimer’s disease Take Quiz
Alzheimer’s disease risk factors by patient sex & gender Take Quiz
Ophthalmic conditions & Alzheimer's disease risk Take Quiz
NIA-AA Research Framework: Defining Alzheimer’s disease Take Quiz
Delusions & lesion network mapping Take Quiz
Multiple sensory impairments & dementia risk Take Quiz
Alzheimer disease & circadian rhythm disturbance Take Quiz
Midlife triglycerides & amyloid beta pathology risk Take Quiz
Prevalence of preclinical Alzheimer’s disease Take Quiz
Statins & Alzheimer’s disease risk Take Quiz
Alzheimer’s disease & UPSIT Take Quiz
Alzheimer’s disease & physical activity Take Quiz
Measuring health effects of air pollution Take Quiz
Late-life dementia risk from blood pressure Take Quiz
Use of antipsychotics in elderly patients with dementia Take Quiz
Methods of dementia treatment Take Quiz
Factors influencing Alzheimer disease biomarkers Take Quiz
Dementia treatment with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors Take Quiz
Plasma clusterin & risk of neurological diseases Take Quiz
Lewy-body disease Take Quiz
Testing for Alzheimer disease Take Quiz
AIDS dementia complex Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Evaluation and management of driving risk in dementia Take Quiz
Dietary approaches to Alzheimer prevention Take Quiz
Practice guidelines: Alzheimer disease treatment Take Quiz
Multimorbidity & cognitive impairment risk Take Quiz
Amyloid imaging detection for Alzheimer disease Take Quiz

Multiple Sclerosis

Quiz
Multiple sclerosis and pregnancy Take Quiz
Comparing neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder & MS Take Quiz
Demyelination in myelocortical multiple sclerosis Take Quiz
Clinical assessment of walking motion in patients with MS Take Quiz
Fall risk in MS patients using a wheeled mobility device Take Quiz
Vitamin levels in patients with MS Take Quiz
Brain matter volume & disability progression in MS Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Adjusting disease-modifying therapies in patients with MS Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Starting disease-modifying therapies in patients with MS Take Quiz
Disease-modifying therapies for relapsing-remitting MS Take Quiz
Complementary & alternative treatments for MS Take Quiz
ECTRIMS/EAN Guideline: Pharmacologic treatment of MS Take Quiz
Symptoms of new MS relapse in the emergency department Take Quiz
Optic neuritis in patients with MS Take Quiz
Treatments for refractory urinary symptoms in multiple sclerosis Take Quiz
Trigeminal neuralgia onset in patients with MS Take Quiz
Causes of mortality among veterans with MS Take Quiz
Disease-modifying therapy in MS treatment Take Quiz
Falls & mobility device use among patients with MS Take Quiz
Diet & gut microbiota in multiple sclerosis Take Quiz
MS symptoms and the cerebellum Take Quiz
Vitamin D as a factor in MS Take Quiz
Cerebellar dysfunction in MS Take Quiz
Prognosis of MS from MRI findings Take Quiz
MRI imaging in MS diagnosis Take Quiz
Psoriasis occurrence in MS Take Quiz
Factor of immune response cells in MS Take Quiz
MS treatment with monoclonal antibodies Take Quiz
MS incidence & sex hormones Take Quiz
MS differences by patient sex Take Quiz
Role of hormones in MS disease course Take Quiz
Detection & evaluation of MS relapse Take Quiz
Ocrelizumab efficacy in MS Take Quiz
Progressive & relapsing-remitting MS Take Quiz
Primary & secondary progressive MS Take Quiz
Multiple sclerosis & leptomeningeal enhancement Take Quiz
MRI & MS biomarkers Take Quiz
Signs of asymptomatic MS Take Quiz
Effect of personality on memory in MS Take Quiz
MS prevalence external factors Take Quiz
Impact of smoking in patients with MS Take Quiz
Effect of MS on elderly patients by gender Take Quiz
MS & emotional conditions Take Quiz
Spasticity in MS Take Quiz
Bowel dysfunction in MS Take Quiz
MS exacerbations & pseudoexacerbations Take Quiz
Role of diet in MS management Take Quiz
Smoking & MS Take Quiz
Pain in MS Take Quiz
Genetic bases of MS risk Take Quiz
MS diagnosis & McDonald criteria Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: MS & psychiatric disorders Take Quiz
MS Coalition Recommendations: Disease-modifying therapy Take Quiz
Albumin and MS Take Quiz
Benign MS factors Take Quiz
Tremor in MS Take Quiz
Prevalence of MS variants Take Quiz
Effect of MS on mortality Take Quiz
MS and Hodgkin Lymphoma commonalities Take Quiz
Physical activity engagement among MS patients Take Quiz
Methods of surgical treatment for MS bladder conditions Take Quiz
MS & brain iron Take Quiz
Body fluid markers in MS Take Quiz
Health of MS patient caregivers Take Quiz
Effect of patient sex on MS comorbidity incidence Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Effectiveness of MS rehabilitation therapies Take Quiz
Comorbidities & mortality in patients with MS Take Quiz
Treatment of MS Take Quiz
Diagnostic criteria for MS Take Quiz
Clinical manifestations of MS Take Quiz
Etiology & epidemiology of MS Take Quiz
Coffee consumption & MS risk Take Quiz
MS & optic neuritis Take Quiz
MS & discontinuation of DMT Take Quiz
Identifying neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder Take Quiz
MS & B cells Take Quiz
MS & patient perception of pain Take Quiz

Rare Diseases

Quiz
Comparing neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder & MS Take Quiz
Diesel exhaust exposure & ALS risk Take Quiz
Symptom types & age of onset in Huntington’s disease Take Quiz
Motor neuron disease symptoms Take Quiz
Motor neuron disease testing Take Quiz
Diagnosis & treatment of serotonin syndrome Take Quiz
Etiology & features of serotonin syndrome Take Quiz
Cognitive status in patients with ALS Take Quiz
Krabbe disease characteristics Take Quiz
Chronic traumatic encephalopathy diagnosis Take Quiz
Transthyretin familial amyloid polyneuropathy Take Quiz
C9orf72 mutation in ALS Take Quiz
Huntington’s disease: Neuroimmunology Take Quiz
AAN Practice Parameter: Guillain-Barre syndrome immunotherapy Take Quiz
Effects of myasthenia gravis Take Quiz
Diagnosis of myasthenia gravis Take Quiz
Pathology & etiology of Duchenne muscular dystrophy Take Quiz
Presentation & clinical features of Duchenne muscular dystrophy Take Quiz

Stroke

Quiz
Diagnosing primary CNS vasculitis Take Quiz
Lacunar stroke & cerebral small vessel disease Take Quiz
Incidental findings from stroke radiographic imaging Take Quiz
Calcium & magnesium levels in intracranial bleeding Take Quiz
Stroke mimics & chameleons in the ED Take Quiz
Intracerebral hemorrhage recurrence risk & ethnicities Take Quiz
Evaluating stroke in the emergency department Take Quiz
The state of stroke prevention Take Quiz
Stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation Take Quiz
Emergency management of stroke Take Quiz
Stroke risk & smoking in young adult males Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines: Stroke management & prevention Take Quiz
Spastic arm paralysis & nerve transfer treatment Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines for acute ischemic stroke: Mechanical thrombectomy Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines for acute ischemic stroke: Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator Take Quiz
Thrombectomy after stroke Take Quiz
Clinical evaluation of stroke Take Quiz
Stroke features, risk, & symptoms Take Quiz
Stroke risk & association with cognitive impairment Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Statement: Surgical management of brain arteriovenous malformations Take Quiz
Stroke & functional decline associations Take Quiz
Stroke treatment & patient sex Take Quiz
Stroke occurrence by patient sex Take Quiz
Stroke motor recovery and tDCS Take Quiz
Stroke & cirrhosis associations Take Quiz
Post-stroke cognitive impairment & dementia Take Quiz
Effects of diabetes in stroke Take Quiz
Acute ischemic stroke management methods Take Quiz
Poststroke motor recovery & spasticity Take Quiz
Tissue plasminogen activator treatment of stroke Take Quiz
The choroid plexus, CSF, & stroke Take Quiz
Stroke features: Ischemic versus hemorrhagic Take Quiz
Patient age & stroke risk Take Quiz
Etiologic stroke subtypes Take Quiz
Thrombectomy & intravenous thrombolysis for stroke management Take Quiz
Stroke and risk of familial late-onset Alzheimer disease Take Quiz
Strokelike episodes in MELAS mitochondrial syndrome Take Quiz
Poststroke depression epidemiology & pathophysiology Take Quiz
Poststroke aphasia recovery Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Scientific Statement: Investigating vascular risks in silent cerebrovascular disease Take Quiz
Incidence of silent cerebrovascular disease types Take Quiz
Neuroimaging of silent cerebrovascular disease Take Quiz
Silent cerebrovascular disease variants & stroke risk Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines: Post-stroke therapy approaches Take Quiz
Stroke & silent cerebrovascular disease Take Quiz
Treatment of stroke survivors with transcranial direct current stimulation Take Quiz
Aspirin & recurrent ischemic stroke risk Take Quiz
Intracerebral hemorrhage management via blood pressure control Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines: Adult stroke rehabilitation & recovery Take Quiz

Parkinson's Disease

Quiz
REM sleep behavior disorder in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
CNS Guidelines: Deep brain stimulation target selection in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Autonomic dysfunction in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Parkinson’s disease & type 2 diabetes risk Take Quiz
TBI & Parkinson’s disease risk among US veterans Take Quiz
Parkinson’s disease pathology Take Quiz
Exercise & Parkinson disease management Take Quiz
Caffeine & Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Deep brain stimulation targets for Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Eye movement abnormalities in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Olfaction & Parkinson’s disease risk Take Quiz
Comorbidities in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Differentiation of PD from atypical parkinsonian disorders: NfL protein Take Quiz
Etiology of levodopa-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Levodopa-induced dyskinesias in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Surgical interventions for dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Parkinson disease & medication-induced tardive dyskinesia Take Quiz
Early-onset Parkinson’s disease psychosis Take Quiz
Parkinson’s disease & GCH1 mutation Take Quiz
Cardiovascular risk & statin use in patients with Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
Parkinson’s disease: Effect of diet & exercise Take Quiz
Parkinson’s disease and parkinsonism incidence Take Quiz
Parkinson disease from genetic mutation Take Quiz
Lewy-body disease Take Quiz
BMI and Parkinson disease Take Quiz
TBI as predictor of Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Supportive criteria in MDS diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease Take Quiz
MDS diagnostic red flags for clinically probable Parkinson disease Take Quiz
MDS criteria for Parkinson disease diagnosis Take Quiz
Treating Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Pathogenesis and pathology of Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Muscle strength & Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Diagnosis & prognosis of new onset Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Alternative strategies for the treatment of Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Motor fluctuations & dyskinesia in Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Parkinson disease: Exercise & quality of life Take Quiz
Motor & nonmotor features in Parkinson disease Take Quiz
Parkinsonism: Prominence & causes Take Quiz

Clinical Guidelines

Quiz
CDC Guideline: Mild traumatic brain injury among children Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Adjusting disease-modifying therapies in patients with MS Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Starting disease-modifying therapies in patients with MS Take Quiz
Cerebellar motor dysfunction & ataxia Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Statement: Surgical management of brain arteriovenous malformations Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Mild cognitive impairment, Pt 2 Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Mild cognitive impairment, Pt 1 Take Quiz
Restless legs syndrome clinical features Take Quiz
AAN Practice Guidelines: Restless legs syndrome management Take Quiz
AAN Practice Parameter: Emergency CT Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Serum prolactin assay for epileptic seizures Take Quiz
AHS Guidelines: Cluster headache acute & prophylactic therapies Take Quiz
AAN/AANEM/AAPM&R Practice Parameter: Evaluating DSP Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Periprocedural antithrombotic medication use Take Quiz
AAN Guideline: Parenchymal neurocysticercosis management Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines: Adult stroke rehabilitation & recovery Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Effectiveness of MS rehabilitation therapies Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Evaluation and management of sports-related concussion Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Prevention of episodic migraine with NSAIDs and other therapies Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Prevention of episodic migraine in adults Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Evaluation and management of driving risk in dementia Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Treatment of chorea in Huntington disease Take Quiz

Neurology

Quiz
CDC Guideline: Mild traumatic brain injury among children Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Adjusting disease-modifying therapies in patients with MS Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Starting disease-modifying therapies in patients with MS Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Statement: Surgical management of brain arteriovenous malformations Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Mild cognitive impairment, Pt 2 Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Mild cognitive impairment, Pt 1 Take Quiz
AAN Practice Guidelines: Restless legs syndrome management Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Serum prolactin assay for epileptic seizures Take Quiz
AHS Guidelines: Cluster headache acute & prophylactic therapies Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Periprocedural antithrombotic medication use Take Quiz
AAN Guideline: Parenchymal neurocysticercosis management Take Quiz
AHA/ASA Guidelines: Adult stroke rehabilitation & recovery Take Quiz
AAN Guidelines: Effectiveness of MS rehabilitation therapies Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Evaluation and management of sports-related concussion Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Prevention of episodic migraine with NSAIDs and other therapies Take Quiz

Pediatrics

Quiz
CDC Guideline: Mild traumatic brain injury among children Take Quiz
AAP Guideline: Nutrition for infant neurodevelopment Take Quiz
Headache hygiene for pediatric migraine Take Quiz

Movement Disorders

Quiz
Clinical features of motor functional neurological disorder Take Quiz
Clinical aspects of functional neurological disorders Take Quiz
Cerebellar motor dysfunction & ataxia Take Quiz
Transcranial focused ultrasound & refractory essential tremor Take Quiz
Diagnosing rare movement disorders Take Quiz
Huntington’s disease preliminary diagnosis imaging Take Quiz
Transcranial magnetic stimulation & essential tremor Take Quiz
Chorea characteristics in Huntington’s disease Take Quiz
Huntington’s disease characteristics Take Quiz
Parkinsonian disorder fMRI-detectable neurological changes Take Quiz
Neuromyelitis optica: Restoring immune tolerance, Part 2 Take Quiz
Effects of focused ultrasound thalamotomy Take Quiz
Neuromyelitis optica: Restoring immune tolerance, Part 1 Take Quiz
Perinatal neuroprotection Take Quiz

Pain

Quiz
Clinical features of “chasing the dragon” heroin abuse Take Quiz
Postherpetic neuralgia Take Quiz
Etiology of back pain: Part 2 Take Quiz
Etiology of back pain: Part 1 Take Quiz
Understanding severe brain injury Take Quiz
Treatment options for pain Take Quiz
Pain assessment and management Take Quiz
Pain assessment Take Quiz
The physiologic aspects of pain Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Prevention of episodic migraine with NSAIDs and other therapies Take Quiz
MS & patient perception of pain Take Quiz

Traumatic Brain Injury

Quiz
Traumatic brain injury & suicide risk Take Quiz
TBI & Parkinson’s disease risk among US veterans Take Quiz
Tackle football first-exposure age & neurological conditions Take Quiz
Traumatic brain injury severity & dementia risk Take Quiz
Eye tracking & measuring concussion Take Quiz
Football & chronic traumatic encephalopathy Take Quiz
Traumatic brain injury outcomes in military service members Take Quiz
TBI recovery & sleep-wake cycle health Take Quiz
Post-TBI depression prevention Take Quiz
Blood biomarkers of brain injury Take Quiz
Evaluating severe brain injury Take Quiz
Defining and evaluating concussion and severe brain injury Take Quiz

Sleep Medicine

Quiz
OSA & metabolic syndrome Take Quiz
Older adult patients & sleep disorder incidence Take Quiz
Understanding sleep disorders Take Quiz
The physiology of sleep Take Quiz
Sleep deprivation and sleep-related disorders Take Quiz
Neurologic signs of insomnia Take Quiz
Insomnia disorder Take Quiz
Insomnia assessment & treatment optionsInsomnia assessment & treatment options Take Quiz
Insomnia: Prevalence & patient population Take Quiz
Insomnia assessment & treatment options Take Quiz

Headache & Migraine

Quiz
Brain structure & posttraumatic headache Take Quiz
Headache in subarachnoid hemorrhage Take Quiz
Management of low-CSF-pressure headache Take Quiz
Headache hygiene for pediatric migraine Take Quiz
Headache from low CSF pressure Take Quiz
Impact of migraine symptoms & attacks Take Quiz
Acute confusional migraine Take Quiz
Calcitonin gene-related peptide levels & migraine Take Quiz
Migraine & obesity in female patients Take Quiz
Management of migraine in adult & pediatric patients Take Quiz
Pediatric migraine & children’s drawings Take Quiz
Effects of pain on treatments of acute migraine Take Quiz
Allodynia in migraine Take Quiz
Brain activations in migraine Take Quiz
Brain structure & allodynia in migraine Take Quiz
Migraine aura & premonitory symptoms Take Quiz
Migraine risk & patient weight Take Quiz
Migraine features & treatment Take Quiz
Migraine comorbidity management Take Quiz
Stroke among patients with migraine Take Quiz
Migraine: Neural network activations Take Quiz
Migraine & headache triggers Take Quiz
Dietary factor of migraine Take Quiz
Migraines and epilepsy Take Quiz
Menstrual migraines Take Quiz
Migraines, hormones, & menses Take Quiz
Migraine: Recent rise in occurrence Take Quiz
Estrogen & pharmacologic management of migraine Take Quiz
Adult migraine & childhood abuse Take Quiz
Migraine among US veterans Take Quiz
Stroke risk & history of migraine Take Quiz
Global migraine prevalence Take Quiz
Acute migraine treatment pain relief success & failure Take Quiz
Eye-based etiology of migraine Take Quiz
Coincidence of migraine & asthma Take Quiz
Treatment of chronic migraine Take Quiz
Chronic vs. episodic migraine Take Quiz
Distinguishing chronic migraine from episodic migraine Take Quiz
Exertional headache Take Quiz
Migraine prevention therapy Take Quiz
Incidence of migraine Take Quiz
Headache from brain tumor Take Quiz
Posttraumatic headache Take Quiz
Headache & blood pressure Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Evaluation and management of sports-related concussion Take Quiz
AAN guidelines: Prevention of episodic migraine in adults Take Quiz
Treating migraines Take Quiz
Etiology and pathogenesis of migraine Take Quiz
Migraines & headaches: Quality of care Take Quiz

AES Conference Coverage

Quiz
Can MRI potentially identify SUDEP risk? Take Quiz
Non-pharmacologic treatments for seizure in pediatric epilepsy Take Quiz
Puberty & seizure in female patients with epilepsy Take Quiz
Epilepsy, sleep apnea, & seizure Take Quiz

CNS Conference

Quiz
Cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy in pediatric patients Take Quiz
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures Take Quiz
Seizure in pediatric patients with brain tumor Take Quiz
Neurologic complications of pediatric cancer Take Quiz
Risk factors for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy Take Quiz

Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension

Quiz
Syncope in neurogenic orthostatic hypotension Take Quiz
Pathophysiology of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension Take Quiz
Neurogenic & non-neurogenic orthostatic hypotension Take Quiz
Supine hypertension in neurogenic orthostatic hypotension Take Quiz
Evaluating for neurogenic orthostatic hypotension Take Quiz

Epilepsy & Seizures

Quiz
Stereotactic laser amygdalohippocampotomy Take Quiz
Brain effects of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Take Quiz
Alpers-Huttenlocher syndrome: Clinical features Take Quiz
Epilepsy & suicide rate Take Quiz
Examination prior to surgical management of epilepsy Take Quiz
The Wada test and its alternatives Take Quiz
Epilepsy & patient welfare Take Quiz
Genetics & epilepsy Take Quiz
Classifying seizures & epilepsies Take Quiz

Neuromuscular Disorders

Quiz
Polyneuropathy among patients with obesity Take Quiz
ALS features & causes Take Quiz
Neuromuscular disorder features Take Quiz
ALS development risk factors Take Quiz
AAN Practice Parameter: Guillain-Barre syndrome immunotherapy Take Quiz

Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome

Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome classification Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome development Take Quiz
Characteristics of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome & West syndrome compared Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome characteristics & development Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome manifestation Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome surgical management Take Quiz
Dietary management of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome occurrence & causes Take Quiz
Lennox-Gastaut syndrome outcomes Take Quiz
Diagnosis of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome: Part 2 Take Quiz
Diagnosis of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome: Part 1 Take Quiz
Quiz
Parkinsonian tremor Take Quiz
Stroke risk: Combination vs monotherapy therapy Take Quiz