Findings from a recent study suggest the importance of employing a variety of measures to capture functional communication problems experienced by persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). 48 adults with MS and 12 healthy controls participated in this study. Cognitive testing and dysarthria diagnosis (difficult or unclear articulation of speech that is otherwise linguistically normal) determined group assignment: (a) MS with cognitive impairment (MSCI), (b) MS with a diagnosis of dysarthria and no cognitive impairment (MSDYS), (c) MS with dysarthria and cognitive impairment (MSDYS + CI), and (d) MS without dysarthria or cognitive impairment (MS). Sentence Intelligibility Test scores, scaled speech severity obtained from the “Grandfather Passage,” and Communication Participation Item Bank (CPIB) scores were analyzed. Researchers found:
- Sentence Intelligibility Test scores approached 100% for all groups.
- Speech severity was greater for the MSDYS + CI and MSDYS groups vs controls.
- CPIB scores were greatest for the MSDYS + CI group and were not significantly correlated with either perceptual measure.
Feenaughty L, Tjaden K, Weinstock-Guttman B, Benedict RHB. Separate and combined influence of cognitive impairment and dysarthria on functional communication in multiple sclerosis. [Published online ahead of print July 26, 2018]. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. doi:10.1044/2018_AJSLP-17-0174.
This Week's Must Reads
Higher Cortisol Linked with Lower Brain Volume, Neurology; ePub 2018 Oct 24; Echouffo-Tcheugui, et al
Ischemic Stroke Transfers in the Northeastern US, J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis; ePub 2018 Oct 30; Zachrison, et al
Predictors of Recurrent Hospitalizations Post-TIA, J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis; ePub 2018 Oct 17; Yousufuddin, et al
Sleep Apnea Associated with Less Healthful Diet, Sleep; ePub 2018 Oct 22; Reid, Maras, Shea, et al
Hypertension, Obesity, Cognitive Decline Examined , Alzheimers Dement; ePub 2018 Oct 24; Clark, et al
Must Reads in Multiple Sclerosis
No Link Between Overall Diet, MS Risk in Women, Mult Scler; ePub 2018 Oct 23; Rotstein, et al
Pubertal Onset of MS and Relapses in Boys, Mult Scler Relat Disord; ePub 2018 Oct 22; Young, et al
FLAIR Signal and Venous Abnormalities Linked in MS, AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; ePub 2018 Oct 18; Rogers, et al
Diabetes and Anxiety Affect Cognition in MS, Mult Scler Relat Disord; ePub 2018 Oct 23; Marrie, et al
Illness Intrusiveness on Intimacy in Persons with MS, Qual Life Res; 2018 ePub 2018 Oct 17; Neto, et al