An overwhelming majority of individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS) are not meeting nutrition guidelines, according to a recent study, and more than 90% with 2 or more risk factors reported the co-occurrence of poor diet and insufficient levels of physical activity. 69 participants with MS completed self-reported measures of smoking status, nutrition, alcohol use, physical activity levels, and sociodemographic and clinical characteristics. Researchers found:
- Poor diet was the most common risk factor, with 85.5% of the sample not meeting dietary guidelines.
- Of participants with 2 or more risk factors, 90.3% were not meeting dietary and physical activity guidelines.
- There were differential rates of meeting physical activity guidelines between men and women, such that 73% of women were not meeting physical activity guidelines compared with 38% of men.
Balto JM, Ensari I, Hubbard EA, Khan N, Barnes JL, Motl RW. Individual and co-occurring SNAP risk factors: Investigation of smoking, nutrition, alcohol consumption, and physical activity in persons with multiple sclerosis. [Published online ahead of print November 2, 2016]. Int J MS Care. doi:10.7224/1537-2073.2016-040.