Key clinical point: Comorbid atrial fibrillation was associated with an increased risk of the need for mechanical ventilation, especially invasive mechanical ventilation, and of adverse outcomes including in-hospital death, acute respiratory failure, acute kidney injury, sepsis, and stroke.
Major finding: The prevalence of atrial fibrillation with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increased over time from 2003 (12.9%) to 2014 (21.3%).
Study details: A retrospective analysis based on 1,345,270 weighted hospital admissions of adults with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on home oxygen from the Nationwide Impatient Sample during 2003-2014.
Disclosures: The study was funded by a grant from the Fourth Round of the Shanghai 3-Year Action Plan on Public Health Discipline and Talent Program. The authors reported no conflicts of interest.
Xiao X et al. CHEST. 2019 Jan 23. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2018.12.021.