Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

CV Health Scores & Increased Risk of CVD and Death

J Am Heart Assoc; ePub 2018 May 17; Enserro, et al

Over the past 20 years, the decreased presence of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) scores has resulted in increasing odds of subclinical disease and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and death, a recent study found. The study included 3,460 participants (mean age 55.4 years, CVH score ranged 0-14) attending ≥1 of 4 consecutive exams of the Framingham Heart Study. Researchers created 4 groups describing changes in CVH score between examination cycles 5 and 8, using first and last exams attended and related them to subclinical CVD cross-sectionally, and incident CVD and death. They found:

  • Fewer people have ideal CVH scores over the past 20 years due to decreases in those with ideal status of body mass index (BMI), blood glucose, and serum cholesterol levels.
  • The odds of subclinical disease and risk of CVD and death were higher for all compared with the high-high group.
  • These findings emphasize the importance of maintaining ideal CVH over the life course.

Citation:

Enserro DM, Vasan RS, Xanthakis V. Twenty-year trends in the American Heart Association cardiovascular health score and impact on subclinical and clinical cardiovascular disease: The Framingham Offspring Study. [Published online ahead of print May 17, 2018]. J Am Heart Assoc. doi:10.1161/JAHA.118.008741.

This Week's Must Reads

Increased Water Intake in Premenopausal Women with UTIs, JAMA Intern Med; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Hooton, et al

Adverse Childhood Experiences & Weight Status, J Pediatr; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Davis, Barnes, et al

Prevalence of E-Cigarette Use Among US Adults, Ann Intern Med; 2018 Oct 2; Mirbolouk, et al

Continuous Combined Oral Contraceptives & VTE Risk, JAMA Intern Med; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Li, et al

Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Use After MI, N Engl J Med; 2018 Sep 27; Olgin, et al

Must Reads in Cardiology

Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Use After MI, N Engl J Med; 2018 Sep 27; Olgin, et al

Subjective Wellbeing and Cardiometabolic Health, BMJ; ePub 2018 Sep 25; Wootton, et al

Does Aspirin Prevent CV Events in Older Adults?, N Engl J Med; ePub 2018 Sep 16; McNeil, et al

Intensification of BP Treatment Upon Discharge, BMJ; ePub 2018 Sep 12; Anderson, Wray, et al

Detection & Management of Resistant Hypertension, Hypertension; ePub 2018 Sep 13; Carey, et al