In a highly educated Hispanic population, Hispanic and non-Hispanic white (NHW) men and women had similar atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, subclinical coronary atherosclerosis, and mortality during follow-up. This according to findings from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study from which researchers determined CV risk and outcomes among highly-educated Hispanic vs NHW individuals in a preventive medicine clinic. Prevalence of major metabolic risk factors and cardiorespiratory fitness were compared, as were changes among those with at least 2 visits. Researchers found:
- The study included 1,351 Hispanic and 43,736 NHW participations aged 20‒80 years (body mass index between 18.5 and 50.0).
- Hispanic participants had a greater prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors but no difference in predicted CV risk.
- No significant ethnic differences in subclinical atherosclerosis or mortality were observed.
Rodriguez F, Leonard D, DeFina L, et al. Association of educational attainment and cardiovascular risk in Hispanic individuals: Findings from the Cooper Center Longitudinal Study. JAMA Cardiol. 2019;4(1):43–50. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2018.4294.