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Food Insecurity & Inflammation in Women Living with HIV

J Infect Dis; ePub 2018 Aug 27; Leddy, et al

Among US women living with HIV (WWH), food insecurity was associated with elevated levels of inflammation regardless of HIV control, a new study found. Researchers analyzed cross-sectional data collected in 2015 from 421 participants on antiretroviral therapy (ART) from the Women’s Interagency HIV Study. The exposure was food insecurity and the primary outcome was inflammation. They found:

  • 31% of participants were food insecure and 79% were virally suppressed.
  • In adjusted analyses, food insecurity was associated with 1.23 times the level of IL-6 and 1.13 times the level of tumor necroses factor 1 (TNFR1).
  • Findings did not differ by HIV control in adjusted stratified analyses.


Leddy AM, Roque A, Sheira LA, et al. Food insecurity is associated with inflammation among women living with HIV. [Published online ahead of print August 27, 2018]. J Infect Dis. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy511.