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C-section linked to serious infection in preschoolers

Key clinical point: Delivery by C-section has long-term adverse consequences in terms of heightened risk of serious infection during the first 5 years of life.

Major finding: Elective C-section is associated with a 13% increased risk of infection-related hospitalization during the preschool years, compared with vaginal delivery.

Study details: This was an observational study of 7.29 million singleton births during 1996-2015 in four countries, and the rate of infection-related hospitalization in the offspring during their first 5 years of life.

Disclosures: The presenter reported having no relevant financial conflicts. The study was cosponsored by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia, the Danish Council for Independent Research, and nonprofit foundations.