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Prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis Infection in US

Clin Infect Dis; ePub 2018 Mar 15; Patel, et al

There is a high and disproportionate burden of urinary Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) infection in the adult civilian, noninstitutionalized black population in the US, a recent study found. 4,507 males and females aged 18-59 years, who participated in the 2013-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) and provided a urine specimen, were tested for TV infection. Participants were also examined for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) infection, genital human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, and herpes simplex virus type 2 serostatus. Among the findings:

  • TV infection prevalence was 0.5% and 1.8% among males and females, respectively.
  • TV infection prevalence was 4.2% among black males, 8.9% among black females, and 0.03% and 0.8%, respectively, among males and females of other races/ethnicities.
  • TV infection prevalence was positively associated with female sex, black race, older age, having less than a high school education, being below the poverty level, and having ≥2 sexual partners in the past year.
  • Among persons aged 18-39 years, there was a significant racial disparity in all sexually transmitted infections examined.

Citation:

Patel EU, Gaydos CA, Packman ZR, Quinn TC, Tobian AAR. Prevalence and correlates of Trichomonas vaginalis infection among men and women in the United States. [Published online ahead of print March 15, 2018]. Clin Infect Dis. doi:10.1093/cid/ciy079.

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