Conference Coverage

CAR T-cell therapy advances in CLL


 

REPORTING FROM ASH 2019

– Lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel), a CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, has demonstrated manageable toxicity and promising clinical activity in the phase 1 portion of a trial enrolling heavily pretreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma, according to an investigator.

Dr. Tanya Siddiqi of City of Hope National Medical Center in Duarte, Calif. Andrew D. Bowser/MDedge News

Dr. Tanya Siddiqi

The overall response rate exceeded 80%, and most patients in response at 6 months had maintained that response at the 9-month mark, said Tanya Siddiqi, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, Calif.

“Clinical responses were rapid, improved with time, and were deep and durable,” Dr. Siddiqi said at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology.

These findings have provided justification for conducting the phase 2 portion of the study, which is currently enrolling at the higher of two dose levels evaluated in phase 1, she added.

Dr. Siddiqi reported on a total of 23 patients enrolled in the study, known as TRANSCEND CLL 004. All patients had relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), and had received at least two prior therapies, including ibrutinib, while about one-third had failed venetoclax as well.

The median patient age was 66 years, and 83% had high-risk features, according to Dr. Siddiqi, who said patients had received a median of five prior lines of therapy.

Nine patients were treated at dose level 1, or 50 x 106 CAR+ T cells, while 14 were treated at dose level 2, or 100 x 106 CAR+ T cells. Two patients experienced grade 3 or 4 dose-limiting toxicities at the second level, including hypertension in one patient, and encephalopathy, muscle weakness, and tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) in the other.

Cytokine release syndrome (CRS) occurred in 17 patients, though only two cases reached grade 3. Neurologic adverse events were seen in nine patients, of which five were grade 3 or 4.

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