ORLANDO – A gamma secretase inhibitor could enhance the efficacy of B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, a phase 1 trial suggests.
The inhibitor, JSMD194, increased BCMA expression in all 10 patients studied. All patients responded to anti-BCMA CAR T-cell therapy, including three patients who had previously failed BCMA-directed therapy.
Nine patients remain alive and in response at a median follow-up of 20 weeks, with two patients being followed for more than a year. One patient experienced dose-limiting toxicity and died, which prompted a change to the study’s eligibility criteria.
of the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, presented these results at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology.