Romiplostim (Nplate) earned a new indication from the Food and Drug Administration, allowing for earlier usage in adult patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) who have had an insufficient response to corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, or splenectomy.
The new indication is for newly diagnosed and persistent adult patients.
Romiplostim is already approved for the treatment of pediatric patients aged 1 year and older who have had ITP for at least 6 months and had an insufficient response to other treatments, as well as for adults patients with chronic ITP who had insufficient response to other therapies.
The latestis based on positive results from a single-arm, phase 2 trial in adults with ITP who had an insufficient response to first-line treatment. The study met its primary endpoint – platelet response (50 x 109/L or greater). The median number of months with platelet response was 11 months during a 12-month treatment period. The median time to first platelet response was just over 2 weeks.
Adverse events of at least 5% incidence in patients taking romiplostim with an ITP duration up to 12 months included bronchitis, sinusitis, vomiting, arthralgia, myalgia, headache, dizziness, diarrhea, upper respiratory tract infection, cough, nausea, and oropharyngeal pain. There was a 2% incidence of thrombocytosis among adults with an ITP duration up to 12 months.