LUGANO, Switzerland – A chemotherapy-free combination of lenalidomide (Revlimid) and the novel anti-CD19 antibody tafasitamab (MOR208) continues to show encouraging clinical activity against relapsed/refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma, with durable responses and promising progression-free and overall survival, investigators in the phase 2 L-MIND study reported.
After a median follow-up of 17.3 months, the overall response rate (ORR) – the primary endpoint in the single arm trial – was 60%, consisting of 42.5% complete responses (CR) and 17.5% partial responses (PR), reported, of Claude Bernard University in Lyon, France.
“We see consistently high activity in transplant-ineligible subgroups, patients who have limited treatment options and who have really poor prognosis,” he said at the International Conference on Malignant Lymphoma (15-ICML).
In a, a combination of MOR208 and lenalidomide showed synergistic antileukemic and antilymphoma activity both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, both lenalidomide and MOR208 have shown significant activity against relapsed, refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
At the previous ICML meeting in 2017, Dr. Salles reported early interim results from the study, which showed that among 34 patients evaluable for response, the ORR was 56%, including complete responses in 32% of patients.
The L-MIND investigators enrolled transplant-ineligible patients 18 years and older with relapsed/refractory DLBCL, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, and adequate organ function who had disease progression after 1-3 prior lines of therapy.
Patients with primary refractory DLBCL, double-hit or triple-hit DLBCL (i.e., mutations in Myc, BCL2, and/or BCL6), other non-Hodgkin lymphoma histological subtypes, or central nervous system lymphoma involvement were excluded.
Patients received tafasitamab 12 mg/kg intravenously on days 1, 8, 15, and 22 for cycles 1-3 and on days 1 and 15 of cycles 4-12. Lenalidomide 25 mg orally was delivered on days 1-21 of each cycle. Patients with stable disease or better at the end of 12 cycles could be maintained on tafasitamab at the same dose on days 1 and 15.
As noted, the combination was associated with an ORR among 80 patients of 60%, consisting of 34 CR (42.5%) complete responses and 14 (17.5%) PR. An additional 11 patients (13.75%) had stable disease, 13 (16.25%) had disease progression, and eight (10%) were not evaluable because of missing post-baseline tumor assessments.
The median duration of response in the entire cohort was 21.7 months. For patients with a CR, the median duration of response had not been reached at the time of data cutoff. For patients with a PR, the median duration of response was 4.4 months.
Hematologic treatment-emergent toxicities occurring in 10% or more of patients included (in descending order of frequency) neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and febrile neutropenia.
Nonhematologic treatment-emergent events occurring in at least 10% of patients included diarrhea, asthenia, peripheral edema, pyrexia, rash, decreased appetite, hypokalemia, fatigue, and similar events, the majority of which were grade 1 or 2 in severity.
“The durable responses and favorable overall survival I would say represent a remarkable outcome, and this combination of lenalidomide with tafasitamab results in a new chemo-free immunotherapy for patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL,” Dr. Salles said.
The L-MIND study is funded by MorphoSys Ag. Dr. Salles reported receiving fees for advisory board/consulting activities and educational activities from MorphoSys and other companies.
SOURCE: Salles G et al. 15-ICML, .