Clinical Review

Testicular Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment

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Testicular cancer is the most common cancer afflicting young men. Prompt diagnostic workup initiated in a primary care or hospital setting followed by a referral to a multidisciplinary team of urologists, medical oncologists, and radiation oncologists enables cure in a majority of patients. For patients with stage I seminoma, a radical inguinal orchiectomy followed by active surveillance may offer the best long-term outcome with minimal side effects. For patients with relapsed/refractory testicular cancers, clinical trial participation is strongly encouraged. Patients with a history of testicular cancer benefit from robust survivorship care tailored to their prior therapies. This can be safely delivered through their primary care providers in collaboration with the multidisciplinary oncology team.

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