ASCO clinical practice guideline update incorporates Oncotype DX



In women with hormone receptor–positive, axillary node–negative breast cancer with Oncotype DX recurrence scores of less than 26, there is minimal to no benefit from chemotherapy, particularly for those greater than age 50 years, according to a clinical practice guideline update by the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Furthermore, endocrine therapy alone may be offered for patients greater than age 50 years whose tumors have recurrence scores of less than 26, wrote Fabrice Andre, MD, PhD, of Paris Sud University and associates on the expert panel in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

The panel members reviewed recently published findings from the Trial Assigning Individualized Options for Treatment (TAILORx), which evaluated the clinical utility of the Oncotype DX assay in women with early-stage invasive breast cancer.

“This focused update reviews and analyzes new data regarding these recommendations while applying the same criteria of clinical utility as described in the 2016 guideline,” they wrote.

The expert panel provided recommendations on how to integrate the results of the TAILORx study into clinical practice.

“For patients age 50 years or younger with Oncotype DX recurrence scores of 16-25, clinicians may offer chemoendocrine therapy” the panel wrote. “Patients with Oncotype DX recurrence scores of greater than 30 should be considered candidates for chemoendocrine therapy.”

In addition, on the basis of consensus they recommended that chemoendocrine therapy could be offered to patients with recurrence scores of 26-30.

The panel acknowledged that relevant literature on the use of Oncotype DX in this population will be reviewed over the upcoming months to address anticipated practice deviation related to biomarker testing.

More information on the guidelines is available on the ASCO website.

The study was funded by ASCO. The authors reported financial affiliations with AstraZeneca, Eli Lilly, GlaxoSmithKline, Merck, Novartis, Roche, and several others.

SOURCE: Andre F et al. J Clin Oncol. 2019 May 31. doi: 10.1200/JCO.19.00945.

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