The Food and Drug Administration has approved lenalidomide (Revlimid), in combination with rituximab, for the treatment of adult patients with previously treated follicular or marginal zone lymphoma.
FDA approval is based on results from the randomized, double-blind, phase 3 AUGMENT trial, which evaluated lenalidomide/rituximab versus rituximab and placebo in patients with previously treated follicular or marginal zone lymphoma. The median progression-free survival in those receiving lenalidomide/rituximab was 39.4 months, compared with 14.1 months for those receiving rituximab/placebo (odds ratio, 0.46; 95% confidence interval, 0.34-0.62; P less than .0001).
A numeric trend was seen in overall survival over the follow-up period of 28.3 months (16 vs. 26 deaths; hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.33-1.13).
The most common adverse events associated with lenalidomide/rituximab are neutropenia, diarrhea, constipation, cough, fatigue, rash, pyrexia, leukopenia, pruritus, upper respiratory tract infections, abdominal pain, anemia, headache, and thrombocytopenia. Lenalidomide also contains a boxed warning for embryo-fetal toxicity, hematologic toxicity, and venous and arterial thromboembolism.
“Chemotherapy continues to be a standard of care for indolent forms of NHL, but most patients will relapse or become refractory to their current treatment. This approval represents a new therapeutic option for previously treated patients with follicular and marginal zone lymphomas, including those who relapse or no longer respond to initial treatment,” Meghan Gutierrez, CEO of the Lymphoma Research Foundation, said in a.