Use of aspirin or nonaspirin NSAIDs was not associated with a reduced risk of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), in a large, prospective cohort study of Australian residents.
“Overall, we observed weak and inconsistent inverse associations between use of these medications and incidence of either BCC or SCC,” wrote, of the University of Queensland (Australia) and coauthors. “While we did observe a modest reduction in use,” they added. The study was published in the .
While reviews of observational studies have suggested that NSAIDs may have “a potential benefit” in reducing the incidence of BCC and SCC, the results have varied, they noted.
To investigate the potential chemopreventive effects of NSAID use on skin cancer, the investigators used data from the QSkin Sun and Health Study, a prospective cohort of 43,764 residents of Queensland, Australia. Those eligible for the study had a white ethnic background and no history of melanoma; 34,630 participants were available for analysis, their median age was 57 years, and 55% were women
Almost 15,600 (45%) were classified as “high risk” because they had had at least one skin cancer excision or more than five actinic lesions treated; 18,828 participants were classified as “average to low risk;” and data were unavailable for 206 participants. One‐third of the participants in the high-risk group (5,398) used aspirin; of these individuals, 39% (2,132) used aspirin more than once a week (defined as “frequent” users). Also, 60% (9,236) used NSAIDs, and of those, 24% (2,229) were frequent users.
During a median follow-up of 3 years, 3,421 of those in the study (10%) developed one or more BCC, and 1,470 (4%) developed one or more SCC.
Compared with never users, frequent NSAID use in the high-risk group was modestly associated with a reduced risk of BCC (hazard ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.71-0.99), but not with SCC. Aspirin use was weakly associated with a reduced risk of SCC (HR, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.64-0.93) but only among infrequent users and was not associated with BCC risk. In the average- to low-risk group, there was no association with either NSAIDs or aspirin and BCC or SCC occurrence.
The authors noted limitations of their study, including its reliance on self-reported NSAID use and a lack of detail in regard to usage dose and duration. In addition, though the investigators controlled for all likely confounders, “the possibility of some residual confounding cannot be excluded.”
The QSkin Study was funded by a grant from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (NHMRC). The authors declared no conflicts of interest.
SOURCE: Pandeya N et al. Br J Dermatol. 2019 Mar 28. doi: 10.1111/bjd.17938.