The Food and Drug Administration has approved ivosidenib (Tibsovo) for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a susceptible IDH1 mutation in patients who are at least 75 years old or have comorbidities preventing the use of intensive induction chemotherapy.
In July 2018, the FDAivosidenib for adults with relapsed or refractory AML with a susceptible IDH1 mutation.
The latest approval was based on results from an open-label, single-arm, multicenterof patients with newly diagnosed AML with an IDH1 mutation. Patients were treated with 500 mg ivosidenib daily until disease progression, development of unacceptable toxicity, or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; the median age of the 28 patients treated with ivosidenib was 77 years.
Of the 28 patients treated, 12 achieved complete remission or complete remission with partial hematologic recovery; 7 of the 17 transfusion-dependent patients achieved transfusion independence for at least 8 weeks.
The most common adverse events were diarrhea, fatigue, edema, decreased appetite, leukocytosis, nausea, arthralgia, abdominal pain, dyspnea, differentiation syndrome, and myalgia. The drug’s prescribing information includes a boxed warning on the risk of differentiation syndrome.
“The recommended ivosidenib dose is 500 mg orally once daily with or without food until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. For patients without disease progression or unacceptable toxicity, treatment is recommended for a minimum of 6 months to allow time for clinical response,” the FDA noted.
Find the fullon the FDA website.