Law & Medicine

Dr. Bawa-Garba and trainee liability


Dr. Tan is emeritus professor of medicine and former adjunct professor of law at the University of Hawaii, Honolulu. This article is meant to be educational and does not constitute medical, ethical, or legal advice. For additional information, readers may contact the author at [email protected].


1. Saurabh Jha, “To Err Is Homicide in Britain: The Case of Hadiza Bawa-Garba.” The Health Care Blog, Jan. 30, 2018.

2. “‘Lessons Must Be Learned’: UK Societies on Bawa-Garba Ruling.” Medscape, Aug. 14, 2018.

3. “To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System.” Institute of Medicine, National Academies Press, Washington D.C., 1999.

4. JAMA. 2004 Sep 1;292(9):1051-6.

5. Rush v. Akron General Hospital, 171 N.E.2d 378 (Ohio Ct. App. 1987).

6. Clark v. University Hospital, 914 A.2d 838 (N.J. Super. 2006).

7. Pratt v. Stein, 444 A.2d 674 (Pa. Super. 1980).

8. Jistarri v. Nappi, 549 A.2d 210 (Pa. Super. 1988).


Next Article: