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HCT-CI score may predict mortality for nonmalignant disease



– Scores of 3 or higher on the Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation Comorbidity Index (HCT-CI) are associated with an increased risk of posttransplant mortality in certain patients undergoing allogeneic HCT for nonmalignant disease, according to findings from a review of more than 4,000 patients.

The exception was in patients undergoing HCT for hemoglobinopathies, Larisa Broglie, MD, reported at the combined annual meetings of the Center for International Blood & Marrow Transplant Research and the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.

The findings of the study, which is the largest to date to validate the usefulness of the HCT-CI for risk assessment in HCT patients with nonmalignant disease, have important implications for patient counseling and decision making, said Dr. Broglie of the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee.

Of 4,083 children and adults who underwent a first allogeneic HCT for a nonmalignant disease between 2007 and 2014 and who had sufficient follow-up (median, 39 months), 61% had an HCT-CI score of 0, 20% had a score of 1-2, and 19% had a score of 3 or higher.


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