The European Commission has approved tivozanib for the treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in adult patients in the European Union, Norway, and Iceland.
Tivozanib (Fotivda) is a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, taken orally once daily. It is indicated for first-line treatment of patients, naive to both vascular endothelial growth factor receptors and mTOR pathway inhibitors, experiencing disease progression following one cytokine therapy treatment, according to the.
Its approval is based on superior progression-free survival (PFS) in TIVO-1,comparing the efficacy and tolerability of tivozanib (1.5 mg once daily) with that of sorafenib (400 mg twice daily). In the overall trial population of 517 patients with advanced RCC, PFS was 11.9 months for patients treated with tivozanib, compared with 9.1 months for those treated with sorafenib (hazard ratio, 0.797; 95% confidence interval, 0.639-0.993; P = .042).
Patients in the tivozanib arm also experienced fewer cases of diarrhea and hand-foot syndrome, and required fewer dose reductions because of adverse effects than did those taking sorafenib.
The approval follows a recommendation from the Committee for Medical Products for Human Use.
The Food and Drug Administration rejected the New Drug Application for tivozanib in 2013, based on TIVO-1 data. Aveo Oncology plans to reapply in the United States with data from TIVO-3, expected in early 2018, they said in the press release.