according to a new joint strategic plan published simultaneously in Gastroenterology, Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, American Journal of Gastroenterology, and Hepatology.
The plan outlines numerous strategic goals and objectives across clinical care, education, research, and industry to support sustainable practices. With first author Heiko Pohl, MD, a gastroenterologist and hepatologist at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in White River Junction, Vermont, and professor of medicine at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Hanover, N.H., the joint statement includes task force members from the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases, American College of Gastroenterology, American Gastroenterological Association, and American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.
“It is clear that the evolving climate crisis, with its deleterious effects on planetary ecosystems, also poses harm to the health of humankind,” the authors wrote in Gastroenterology.
“Climate change affects many social and environmental determinants of health, including water and food security, shelter, physical activity, and accessible health care,” they added. These changes influence gastrointestinal practice (for example, increased risk of obesity and fatty liver disease, disruption of the microbiome, compromised gut immune function).
At the same time, health care delivery contributes to climate change and greenhouse gas emissions worldwide, they wrote. As a procedure-intensive specialty, digestive health care adds to the health care carbon footprint through single-use supplies and high levels of waste.
“As is the case for the impact of climate change by and on health care systems, there is a vicious cycle whereby climate change negatively impacts individual digestive health, which accelerates specialized health care activity, which further contributes to the climate crisis,” the authors wrote.
The multisociety task force noted the transition to a more sustainable model will be challenging and require major modification of current habits in practice. However, the long-term effects “will promote health, save cost, and ... correspond with a broader shared vision of planetary health,” they wrote.
The strategic plan covers seven domains: clinical settings, education, research, society efforts, intersociety efforts, industry, and advocacy. Each domain has specific initiatives for 2023 to 2027. Years 1 and 2 are conceived as a period of self-assessment and planning, followed by implementation and assessment during years 3-5.
In the plan, clinical settings would assess the carbon footprint and waste within all areas of practice and identify low-carbon and low-waste alternatives, such as immediate, short-term, and long-term solutions. This involves creating a framework for GI practices to develop sustainability metrics and offer affordable testing and treatment alternatives with a favorable environmental impact.
Through education, the societies would raise awareness and share sustainability practices with health care leadership, practitioners, and patients regarding the interactions among climate change, digestive health, and health care services. This would include discussions about the professional and ethical implications of old and new patterns of shared resource utilization.
The societies also support raising and allocating resources for research related to the intersections of climate change, digestive health, and health care, with an emphasis on vulnerable groups. This would encourage the inclusion of environmental considerations in research proposals.
At the GI society level, the groups suggest assessing and monitoring the current environmental impact of society-related activities. This entails identifying and implementing measures that would decrease the carbon footprint and reduce waste, as well as track financial costs and savings and environmental benefits from efforts included in a sustainability model.
At the intersociety level, the U.S. groups would collaborate with national and international GI and hepatology societies to support sustainability efforts and use validated metrics to evaluate their efforts. The multisociety plan has received endorsements from nearly two-dozen groups, including the Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation, World Endoscopy Organization, and World Gastroenterology Organisation.
The plan calls for engagement with GI- and hepatology-focused industry and pharmaceutical partners to develop environmentally friendly products, publish information on carbon footprint implications, and promote options for recycling.
Through advocacy efforts, the societies would also identify and incorporate principles of sustainable health care among the goals of relevant political action committees, as well as leverage collaborative advocacy efforts with national and international health care and research agencies, political leaders, and payors.
“We are grateful that several other GI organizations have endorsed our plan, which reflects the importance and timeliness of the opportunity to work together and share best practices to overcome the burden of climate change on digestive health and help mitigate the environmental impact of GI practice,” the authors concluded.
The authors did not declare a funding source for the report. Several of the authors declared financial relationships with pharmaceutical companies, serving as a consultant or receiving research funding.