In contrast, the incidence of non-GI cancer following a GI bleed was 1.5%, while the rate was 1.0% in patients with no prior GI bleeding.
“That relationship was much weaker, with an odds ratio of 1.77, indicating that the relationship between GI bleeding and GI cancer is not only very strong but it’s rather specific,” according to Dr. Eikelboom.
Of GI cancers associated with a prior major GI bleed, 77% were diagnosed within 6 months following the bleed, as were nearly 89% of GU cancers. Another 9%-10% were diagnosed 6-12 months after the bleeding event.
“The implication for clinical practice is certainly that in patients who have GI or GU bleeding while receiving antithrombotic therapy, we should conduct a vigorous search for underlying cancer in the same organ system,” he concluded.