Premenopausal women with hepatitis C virus (HCV) showed increased ovarian senescence, which was associated with a lower chance of live birth. Such women also had a greater risk of infertility, as reported in the Journal of Hepatology.
Researchers examined three cohort studies, which comprised an age-matched prospectively enrolled cohort study of 100 women who were HCV positive and had chronic liver disease, 50 women who were HBV positive and had CLD, and 100 healthy women; 1,998 HCV-infected women enrolled in the Platform for the Study of Viral Hepatitis Therapies (PITER) trial from Italy; and 6,085 women infected with HCV plus 20,415 uninfected women from a United States database, according to Aimilia Karampatou, MD, of the University of Bologna, Modena, Italy, and colleagues.
In the second group examined, the women from the PITER trial, miscarriages occurred in 42% of the HCV-infected women with 44.6% of these women experiencing multiple miscarriages. The total fertility rate, defined as the average number of children that would be born in a lifetime, was 0.7 for the HCV-infected women, compared with 1.37 in the general Italian population.