Effective models need to be developed to ensure case identification in vulnerable settings and among vulnerable populations that can lead to effective treatment and efficient hepatitis C virus (HCV) prevention, a new study suggests. The cross-sectional study between May 2011 and June 2013 sought to estimate the prevalence of HCV in vulnerable populations that included homelessness, people who inject drugs (PWID), and prisoners. A questionnaire was administered and blood sample were tested for HCV. Among the details:
- 491 individuals who were homeless (40.7%), 205 drug users (17%), and 511 prisoners (42.3%) were recruited.
- Overall, one-quarter of those recruited in drug treatment services, 13% of those from homeless residential sites, and 4% of prisoners were anti-HCV positive.
- 56.6% of HCV-infected participants identified had a history of all 3 risk factors, 27.3% had 2 overlapping risk factors, and 15.4% had 1 risk factor.
Aisyah DN, Shallcross L, Hayward A, et al. Hepatitis C among vulnerable populations: A seroprevalence study of homeless, people who inject drugs, and prisoners in London. [Published online ahead of print May 31, 2018]. J Viral Hepat. doi:10.1111/jvh.12936.
This Week's Must Reads
Relevance of Health Literacy to CV Health, Circulation; ePub 2018 Jun 4; Magnani, et al
Diabetes & Long-Term Kidney Disease, Diabetes Care; ePub 2018 Jun 1; Warren, et al
Maternal Loss of Control Over Eating, Am J Clin Nutr; ePub 2018 Jun 5; Micali, et al
Efficacy of Brief Behavioral Treatment for Insomnia, Sleep Medicine; ePub 2018 Jun 2; McCrae, et al
Opioid-Related Adverse Events in Surgical Patients, JAMA Surg; ePub 2018 May 23; Shafi, et al
Must Reads in Hepatitis
Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir Can Reduce HCV Tx Duration, Hepatol Int; ePub 2018 May 29; Abutaleb, et al
Estimates of HCV by Race and Sex in US, BMC Infect Dis; ePub 2018 May 16; Hall, et al
Efficacy of DAA Therapy for HCV in Older Adults, J Am Geriatr Soc; ePub 2018 May 25; Mazzarelli, et al
HCV Treatment in People Who Inject Drugs, Open Forum Infect Dis; ePub 2018 May 23; Alimohammadi, et al
Risk of HCV Among Vulnerable Populations, J Viral Hepat; ePub 2018 May 31; Aisyah, et al