Clinical Edge

Summaries of Must-Read Clinical Literature, Guidelines, and FDA Actions

Prevalence of HCV Among Baby Boomers in US

J Infect Public Health; ePub 2018 Aug 28; Moore, et al

Baby boomers (BB) had the highest prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among the US population, and it’s important for healthcare professionals to identify age-specific risk factors in this group and use them in targeted screening and public health prevention efforts. This according to a recent study that examined US adult HCV prevalence and age-specific risk factors for chronic HCV infection. Researchers analyzed data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 1999-2012. Age was divided into 3 categories: BB, younger than BB (YG), and older than BB (OG). They found:

  • Overall prevalence of chronic HCV was 1.19% with a US population estimate of 2,347,852 US adults.
  • BB had the highest prevalence at 2.23%, accounting for >74% of all chronic HCV cases.
  • HCV prevalence was highest among all ages (1.83%) and BB (2.71%) in 2001-2002.
  • Among BB, males, non-Hispanic blacks, having positive blood transfusion history, current and former smokers, and living below the poverty level were significant predictors of chronic HCV positivity.

Citation:

Moore KJ, Gauri A, Koru-Sengul T. Prevalence and sociodemographic disparities of hepatitis C in Baby Boomers and the US adult population. [Published online ahead of print August 28, 2018]. J Infect Public Health. doi:10.1016/j.jiph.2018.08.003.

This Week's Must Reads

Increased Water Intake in Premenopausal Women with UTIs, JAMA Intern Med; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Hooton, et al

Adverse Childhood Experiences & Weight Status, J Pediatr; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Davis, Barnes, et al

Prevalence of E-Cigarette Use Among US Adults, Ann Intern Med; 2018 Oct 2; Mirbolouk, et al

Continuous Combined Oral Contraceptives & VTE Risk, JAMA Intern Med; ePub 2018 Oct 1; Li, et al

Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Use After MI, N Engl J Med; 2018 Sep 27; Olgin, et al

Must Reads in Hepatitis

Limited Coverage of HCV Testing in US Since 2013, Clin Infect Dis; ePub 2018 Sep 15; Patel, et al

Smoking Status & Pain in Veterans with HCV, Pain Med; ePub 2018 Sep 7; Lynch, et al

Assessing the HCV Care Cascade in Baby Boomers, Am J Manag Care; 2018 Sep; Brady, Vellozzi, et al

HCV Screening in Elective Cranial Neurosurgery, J Neurosurg; 2018 Sep; Nussbaum, Kallmes, et al

Young Adults Who Inject Drugs & Risk of HCV, Health Promot Pract; ePub 2018 Sep 18; Knight, et al